Episode 1x12 - "Revelations, Part I" introduces the "Cabal", a powerful shadow organization that captures, studies, and experiments on abnormals, in the belief that the abnormal population is a threat to the human species. During the two-part season finale, "Revelations", they test a small amount of a biological weapon named Lazarus Virus that causes all types of abnormals to become extremely violent, attacking anyone nearby and then dying painfully. This is part of the Cabal's overall plan to incite humanity against the abnormals so that they can wipe out the entire abnormal population and gain greater influence over humanity.
Initially an eight-part web series, Sanctuary was successful enough for Sci Fi to commission a television series. Series creator and head writer Damian Kindler hired Sam Egan, and the two wrote all the episodes and composed the season-long storyline. Many episodes had been written throughout the 2007 Christmas season before the season was green-lit. Principal photography started in May 2008. It was the first instance in North American television where RED cameras were used. Most of the season was filmed using green screen in a warehouse in Burnaby, British Columbia, though there are instances throughout that were filmed on location, including the Riverview Hospital in Coquitlam and the North Shore Mountains' outside Vancouver. Anthem Visual Effects produced the season's visual effects. The virtual sets meant that they produced around 400 visual effects per episode. Other forms of special effects, including prosthetics, were used to present the abnormals. The first season was budgeted at an estimated $21 million.
Sanctuary's first season aired in over 50 countries worldwide. The season premiere drew the largest audience with 2.7 million viewers, the highest rated Sci Fi premiere since "Eureka" in July 2006. Including time-shifted viewing, the season was seen by an average of 2.35 million viewers per episode; the ratings success allowed Sci Fi to renew Sanctuary for a second season. Critical reactions of the season were mixed. Some reviewers noted that, although the first six episodes were "hit and miss", they liked the later episodes. In total, it won five awards: one Gemini and four Leos. The first season was released on a four-disc set on DVD and Blu-ray Disc on September 9th, 2009, in Region 4, September 15th in Region 1, and October 15th in Region 2.
The first season consists of four principal cast members. Amanda Tapping plays series protagonist Dr. Helen Magnus, a 157-year-old English scientist who runs the Sanctuary Network. Tapping darkened her hair color for the role. Robin Dunne plays Dr. Will Zimmerman, a former forensic psychiatrist and then Magnus's protégé since the pilot. Damian Kindler noted that Dunne's portrayal as Zimmerman differed vastly between the webisodes and the first season, often joking that Zimmerman was played by two different Dunnes. Emilie Ullerup plays Ashley, Magnus's daughter. Ullerup enjoyed working with the cast during the first season. She felt that Tapping was "such a teacher" to her, and that it had been "such a treat" working with Tapping as a young and new actress.
Christopher Heyerdahl plays two characters: Bigfoot, an abnormal who works in the Old City Sanctuary, and John Druitt, Magnus's former fiancé and father to Ashley. As Bigfoot, Heyerdahl had to wear prosthetics. Tapping believed that Heyerdahl "has this incredible gift wearing prosthetics and acting through them and creating real humanity, and he does it with Bigfoot." Ullerup also felt nervous, yet excited playing every scene with Heyerdahl when he plays Druitt.
Recurring Cast and Guest Appearances
Ryan Robbins plays Henry Foss, who runs the Old City Sanctuary's computer and security systems. The producers wanted Henry to set a lighter tone to the series and add "goofy and fun" humor, including in somewhat dire situations. The producers cast Robbins, and were pleased with his performance. Chuck Campbell plays "Two Faced Guy", a character with another face at the back of his head. The back face was accomplished using visual effects. Panou plays Sylvio Rudd, an associate of Ashley's. The character was originally named Ernie Watts and was played by director Peter DeLuise in the webisodes, but he was unavailable to reshoot his scenes for the season premiere. Jonathon Young stars as Nikola Tesla. Heyerdahl suggested Young to the producers, who ended up being highly impressed by his performance. Young also played Tesla in a one-man show before appearing in the series. Whilst filming "Revelations, Part II", Young's scenes in Bhalasaam were filmed first, as he was scheduled for another play while the episode was shot.
At the time of filming Episode 1x07 - "The Five", the actors who played Watson and Griffin had not been cast yet. The producers would later cast Peter Wingfield as Watson. According to Amanda Tapping, casting Wingfield was "so easy" as "he has this sensibility about him, much like [Christopher Heyerdahl] does." While filming his scenes, Wingfield did not want his exoskeleton prop to be removed between takes, as he wanted to stay in character. When the producers conceived Clara Griffin, the granddaughter of Nigel Griffin, they were looking for a young local actress to play the part who would look like a potential love interest to Will Zimmerman. Christine Chatelain would later play the part after she was recommended by Dunne, as they had worked together before.
When Adrien Dorval auditioned for his part on Episode 1x05 - "Kush", Kindler did not like his performance, but Wood did, as he believed the actor's performance was perfect for a character who was stranded on a plane. For the same episode, Sarah Strange and Thai-Hoa Le had to learn how to speak Standard Tibetan phonetically a week in advance of filming. Katharine Isabelle guest starred in Episode 1x06 - "Nubbins" as Sophie. While filming her scenes, Isabelle complained of a dry eye problem, which kept making her almost tear up. However, it ended up being beneficial for her portrayal of her character. Canadian actor Daryl Shuttleworth guest stars as a fight promoter in Episode 1x10 - "Warriors". During a read through of the script, Shuttleworth decided his character should speak with a British accent like in the film "Lock, Stock and Two Smoking Barrels". The producers wanted to cast Rekha Sharma in "Instinct" as she appeared in several other Vancouver-based productions, including "Battlestar Galactica". The producers felt she "rocked" her audition, as she brought a lot of energy to her character.
When called to the scene of a horrendous crime, Dr. Will Zimmerman sees that the police are not being told the whole truth. His insights into the case attract the interest of Dr. Helen Magnus who introduces him to her Sanctuary for 'abnormals', creatures that have remained hidden from most of the world only appearing occasionally as characters in stories and myths.
After thieves make a dramatic escape that baffles police, Dr. Helen Magnus suspects an abnormal's involvement. The robbery reminds Dr. Will Zimmerman of an old FBI case he could not solve; but this time he will.
After capturing a particularly elusive abnormal, the plane carrying Dr. Helen Magnus and Dr. Will Zimmerman crashes while transporting the creature. Dr. Magnus and Will soon discover why this abnormal has never been captured before.
Desperate to get her first exclusive story, a reporter and her cameraman sneak inside an evacuated building. Inside they find Dr. Helen Magnus and her team, and a creature greater than any of them were prepared for.
In an unprecedented alliance, John Druitt and Sherlock Holmes work with the Sanctuary team to deduce why normally placid abnormals are running amok. Their plan, to find a cure and infiltrate their prime suspect, The Cabal.
Series creator Damian Kindler conceived the pilot in 2001. When he became a "Stargate SG-1" writer, he later asked Martin Wood, a director from the same show, if there was potential for a series, which Wood believed there was. A few years later, Kindler asked Amanda Tapping to take part in the project, and she accepted. Sanctuary originally started as an eight-part bi-weekly web series in 2007, produced by Vancouver-based Stage 3 Media. The producers of the series were looking to expand the series on other mediums, including television. Due to the success of the web series, in January 2008, the Sci Fi Channel announced the commissioning of a first season of 13 episodes. The move to television has allowed the producers to widen the scope for the season. According to actress and executive producer Amanda Tapping, the season "is very different from what you've seen on the Web". However, her character, Helen Magnus, would still be a "crazy character; [...] very eccentric and very sexy and very unapologetic". The season was given an estimated budget of $21 million.
All episodes of the first season were written by Sam Egan and Kindler; Kindler hired Egan to assist in writing the first season, as he believed Egan to be creative, passionate, and talented. Several episodes of the first season were written throughout the Christmas season in 2007. After the series was given the green-light, they were rewritten to establish a season-long storyline. Some of the episodes finished their writing stage as little as two and a half weeks before filming commenced. At times after the scripts were written, Sci Fi executive Mark Stern fed back to the writers, asking for certain elements to be explained so the audience could understand.
Kindler wrote both parts of Episode 1x00 - "Sanctuary for All", as well Episode 1x03 - "Fata Morgana", Episode 1x04 - "Folding Man", Episode 1x07 - "The Five", Episode 1x09 - "Requiem", Episode 1x11 - "Instinct", and Episode 1x13 - "Revelations, Part II". He penned his scripts quickly, with Episode 1x05 - "Kush" being written in three and a half days. Wood contributed to the story of Episode 1x03 - "Fata Morgana" by bringing up the idea of incorporating The Morrígan from Irish mythology, which would start giving the season an ancient and mythological feel. Episode 1x05 - "Kush" introduces a series of episodes involving the working relationship between Will and Magnus. Episode 1x07 - "The Five" became a significant part of the series mythology, revealing The Five, which Magnus is a part of, how Magnus got her longevity, and that Henry Foss is actually a HAP. Tapping believed that introducing The Five was a "cool concept". Kindler introduced vampires in the episode, and felt it would be best to introduce them as a dead species. He also felt that including real-life historic figures such as Nikola Tesla was a "very ballsy thing". In Episode 1x09 - "Requiem", Kindler wanted a scenario in which Will has to make a difficult decision to deal with Magnus when she becomes the threat of the episode. Though Kindler at first believed it was not a good episode, it ended up as a highlight of the season according to the producers. In writing Episode 1x11 - "Instinct", Kindler, inspired by "Cloverfield", wanted to show the audience the protagonists hunting an abnormal in real-time, where it does not always go according to plan.
Egan meanwhile, wrote Episode 1x04 - "Folding Man", Episode 1x06 - "Nubbins", Episode 1x08 - "Edward", Episode 1x10 - "Warriors", and Episode 1x12 - "Revelations, Part I". He also co-wrote Episode 1x00 - "Sanctuary for All" with Kindler. Egan liked to include the Rashomon effect in some of his scripts, a plot device which interprets scenes from different points of view. After writing Episode 1x04 - "Folding Man", Egan realized that he inadvertently based it on an episode of "The X-Files". Episode 1x06 - "Nubbins" was inspired by the "Star Trek: The Original Series" episode "The Trouble with Tribbles". Episode 1x08 - "Edward" was inspired by Egan hearing of a young English man with Savant syndrome, who flew over a city he had not visited before, and was able to accurately draw the city on a mural some 20 feet wide. Because the episode involved an abnormal, Egan wanted the boy to draw much faster. In writing Episode 1x10 - "Warriors", Egan wanted to reintroduce Magnus's father Gregory Magnus from the webisodes; there were plans to introduce him in Episode 1x03 - "Fata Morgana", but the idea did not make it to the final episode. Gregory was written not to have the longevity of his daughter. Egan decided not to include a full explanation of how he survived a hundred years without aging, but wanted to hint to the audience that he was in fact cryogenically frozen by the Cabal. The intention behind "Revelations" was to tie some of the previous episodes together, particularly involving the Cabal, and then set them up for the second season. The main issue with writing the finale was showing Ashley being interrogated, where in fact she was experimented on to turn her to the Cabal. Because Kindler wrote his script quickly, he believed that the misdirect did not turn out the way he hoped.
Differences from the Webisodes
Differences were made between the original webisodes and the first episodes of the season. One example is the introduction of John Druitt. In the webisodes, Druitt murders a prostitute after arriving in Old City, but in the pilot, writer Damian Kindler included dialogue between the two characters before Druitt murders her, as a way of proving to the audience how evil he is. Another is the ending of Episode 1x03 - "Fata Morgana", where The Morrígan leave the Old City Sanctuary with the Cabal mercenaries; in the webisodes, the sisters escape. Druitt directly tells Ashley in one of the first webisodes that he is her father. In the first season, the producers decided that she would not be aware of this until midway through, and even then, they did not want Druitt to tell her directly, but rather hint it to her, so that Ashley can pick up the pieces herself.
Initial photography started in May 2008, and took place mostly in a warehouse in Burnaby, British Columbia. Each episode took around seven days to film, though some were completed in as little as five and a half. The first three episodes of the season were reshot from the original eight webisodes; the two-part premiere "Sanctuary for All" was reshot from the first four webisodes, while the third episode, "Fata Morgana", was reshot from the final four. Eighteen months had passed between shooting the web series and the first three episodes. Difficulties with this included the fact that Cainan Wiebe, who portrays Alexei, grew taller, and the actors consciously played the characters to be more open to each other. It was filmed using Red One cameras, the first series in North America to use them. The Red camera system does away with tape and film and records straight to a hard drive, allowing Anthem Visual Effects and the series' post production team immediate access to the day's footage, and is capable of recording at 4K resolution—four times the resolution of current high-definition.
The season was filmed using five directors. Martin Wood directed eight of the thirteen episodes; he spent 17 days preparing to film the premiere. He found that Episode 1x09 - "Requiem" was his favorite episode to direct, while Episode 1x07 - "The Five" was his least favorite, as he had to keep reorganizing six styrofoam sets. Among the remaining five episodes, James Head directed Episode 1x04 - "Folding Man", Peter DeLuise directed Episode 1x06 - "Nubbins", Brenton Spencer directed Episode 1x08 - "Edward" and "Warriors", and Steven A. Adelson directed Episode 1x11 - "Instinct"; Adelson filmed the episode with 40 long takes to accomplish a real-time perspective. DeLuise was approached by Wood to direct Episode 1x06 - "Nubbins" as it was considered a lighter episode, which DeLuise preferred over a dramatic episode. In the past DeLuise would make cameo appearances in his works, but broke tradition in directing this episode.
According to Head, about 70% of the season was filmed using green screen in the Burnaby warehouse. Unlike many other shows, elaborate sets were not built for the scenes to be filmed; instead, they are created using CGI technology. Because of the virtual sets, the actors had to visualize what the rooms they were in looked like. To aid them, practical props were placed. The production crew also used rain and wind machines to film scenes set outdoors. However, practical sets were also used throughout the season. The first 20 minutes of Episode 1x01 - "Sanctuary for All, Part I" was filmed at the partially decommissioned Riverview Hospital, described by Kindler as a "Swiss Army knife of locations". Elsewhere, the studio parking lot and alleyways of The Bridge Studios provided a surrogate for several different types of locations, like city streets. A Volvo warehouse provided the filming location for Episode 1x11 - "Instinct". The final filming days were spent on the North Shore Mountains outside Vancouver.
The fifth episode, "Kush", was filmed on a damaged fuselage set, which was built by production designer Bridget McGuire. The episode's cast disliked the episode the most because they had to act as if they were in freezing temperatures, where in fact it was around 40 degrees Celsius. Because it was an expensive set, the producers wanted to reuse it. It was later redesigned to look like the inside of a submarine for Episode 1x09 - "Requiem". It was redressed again for Episode 1x13 - "Revelations, Part II". Although released third, "Fata Morgana" was filmed as the fourth episode, and was considered to be aired after "Folding Man". However, Tapping felt strongly that it would make a great stand alone episode after "Sanctuary for All", and the characters appeared more comfortable with each other in "Folding Man". Swapping the episodes caused a major continuity issue, in which Ashley appears to show scratches on her neck from Episode 1x02 - "Sanctuary for All, Part II" in Episode 1x04 - "Folding Man", but not in between.
The season's visual effects were produced by Anthem Visual Effects, with the company's Lee Wilson serving as co-producer and visual effects supervisor. Because it was filmed in green screen, each episode contains an estimated 400 visual effect shots. In contrast, an average episode of "Stargate SG-1", which Tapping starred in, contained only 12. One of the larger visual effects sequences was the opening sequence of the premiere, which took three months to produce. Each visual effect produced in the original webisodes was remastered. Among the characters, the movement of Two Faced Guy's rear face were made with Computer-generated imagery (CGI), though it was a difficult effect to produce. A prosthetic application was added to the back of Campbell's head when the second face is not talking. The mermaid character, Sally, was entirely a visual effect, with the face of Amanda May, wife of director Steven A. Adelson, rendered onto it. Creating the eponymous abnormals in Episode 1x06 - "Nubbins" and their predator was what Sam Egan described as "a proper budget-driven issue" because rendering several CGI creatures at once and having them move would be difficult. It was decided to have them camouflaged in an attempt to make work easier for the visual effects team, but it did not work out as well as the producers hoped. To achieve Nubbin interaction with the cast, guide versions, nicknamed 'Oompa-Loompas', were made for them to carry. In designing Tesla's transition to a vampire, the producers, realizing vampires were included in several other works in the past, wanted to make them look unique. Wilson based the vampire look to the 2007 film "30 Days of Night".
Because of the hard work by Anthem, the producers made Episode 1x05 - "Kush" and Episode 1x09 - "Requiem" into bottle episodes, to give the visual effects team a break. Instead, other forms of special effects were used. To create the Himalayan feel of Episode 1x05 - "Kush", the production crew used wind machines and paper snow. However, the fake snow became a problem for the cast, as they suffered from bloodshot eyes and scratchy throats when exposed to it. Aquariums were placed outside each port hole of the set in Episode 1x09 - "Requiem". To complete the effects where Druitt teleports, Heyerdahl would walk out of the shot while every other cast member has to stay still, until the directors signal them to react; the shot of Heyerdahl walking out of frame would later be cut. Another effect involving Heyerdahl is a scene between both his characters, Bigfoot and John Druitt, in Episode 1x12 - "Revelations, Part I". To complete the shot, Heyerdahl had to film two different shots: one with him as Druitt talking to nothing, and another with him as Bigfoot talking to nothing. When both characters can be seen walking together, a stand-in would replace Heyerdahl as Bigfoot.
Another form of special effects are prosthetics used to create abnormals. They were composed by a team of make-up artists. Todd Masters stated that his team tried to make them interesting and unique every week. The abnormal shown at the end of Episode 1x05 - "Kush" was a stand-in who wore a full prosthetic suit; the costume took a long time to apply. Among the prosthetics used in Episode 1x10 - "Warriors", Dunne wore a muscle suit that was previously worn by Vinnie Jones during the 2006 film "X-Men: The Last Stand".
The corpses used in the beginning of Episode 1x01 - "Sanctuary for All, Part I" were mannequins the props department had in their possession, with holes added in the foreheads. Using mannequins was easier than using actors. The drawings in Episode 1x08 - "Edward" were produced by Sanctuary's art department. The season's stunts were coordinated by Marshall Virtue. To develop the Fight Club scenes in Episode 1x10 - "Warriors", fight coordinator Rob Hader helped with choreographing the stunts. While filming the scenes, Hader played one of the fighters. He replaced an actor who broke a knee after filming for six seconds.
Broadcast, Ratings, and Awards
Originally airing on the Sci Fi Channel in the United States, the first season was broadcast in over 50 countries worldwide. Tapping believed the channel was a "good home base", because she had worked with the network for several years before, adding "they understand the genre. They understand the fans." The season commenced with both parts of "Sanctuary for All" on October 3rd, 2008. The following episodes aired almost every Friday during the 10 to 11 pm time slot from October 10th, 2008, until January 9th, 2009. In Canada, it aired on 'Movie Channel One' of 'The Movie Network'. In the United Kingdom, the season was picked up for broadcast by ITV4. The first episode was broadcast on October 6th, 2008, only three days after the release on the Sci Fi Channel. In Australia, the season debuted on ABC2 on March 1st, 2010.
Episode 1x01 - "Sanctuary for All, Part I" started off the season with over 2.7 million viewers and a household rating of 2.2 after its original broadcast. It became Sci Fi Channel's highest rated series premiere since the pilot episode of "Eureka" in July 2006. It was the number one prime time cable entertainment program among adults aged 25 through 54 years, and fourth among adults aged 18 through 49 years. Because of the high ratings, views of Sci Fi's Sanctuary page rose to 1.2 million, as well as 287,000 video streams the day it was broadcast. Viewing figures for the following episodes were somewhat under 2 million, but the finale drew its biggest audience since the premiere; Episode 1x13 - "Revelations, Part II" was seen by 2 million viewers and received a 1.6 household rating. Including timeshifted viewings, the first season averaged 2.35 million viewers, and a 1.8 rating. The first season of Sanctuary beat the fifth season of its lead in "Stargate Atlantis" by two tenths of a point. Because of the success, Sci Fi ordered a second season on November 2008. In the United Kingdom, Episode 1x01 - "Sanctuary for All, Part I" was seen by 565,000 viewers. Episode 1x02 - "Sanctuary for All, Part II" received 608,000 viewers the following week. Since then, ratings have steadily declined to 398,000 by the season finale. The penultimate episode received the lowest ratings of the season, with only 279,000 viewers.
Awards and Nominations
The season won a total of five awards. The pilot episode "Sanctuary for All" won a 2009 Gemini Award for Best Visual Effects. The other four were Leo Awards. Episode 1x10 - "Warriors" won "Best Make-Up in a Dramatic Series". Actor Ryan Robbins won "Best Guest Performance by a Male in a Dramatic Series" for his role as Henry Foss in Episode 1x08 - "Edward", beating co-star Jonathon Young. Gabrielle Rose won "Best Guest Performance by a Female in a Dramatic Series" for the same episode. Amanda Tapping won "Best Lead Performance by a Female in a Dramatic Series" for her role as Dr. Helen Magnus in Episode 1x09 - "Requiem". The most prestigious nomination for the season was for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Special Visual Effects for Episode 1x00 - "Sanctuary for All", but it lost the award to "Heroes".
Home Media Release
A SAFE HAVEN FOR YOUR WORST NIGHTMARES
Dr. Helen Magnus (AMANDA TAPPING) is a beautiful and enigmatic scientist who seeks out all manner of monstrous creatures. Aided by her protégé, forensic psychiatrist Dr. Will Zimmerman (ROBIN DUNNE), and her fearless daughter Ashley (EMILIE ULLERUP), the Sanctuary team tracks down, studies and protects the strange and often terrifying creatures that secretly populate our world.
"With cutting-edge technology, SANCTUARY creates a world teaming with mermaids, dinosaurs and monster mayhem" -TV Guide